Principal Surnames in First Metis Families of Quebec, Volume 5
The term Métis originally referred to the offspring produced from the intermarriage of early French fur traders with Canadian Native Americans. Later, there were also Anglo Métis (known as “Countryborn”)–children of Scottish, English, and other European fathers and indigenous mothers. The Métis were also formerly known as half-breeds or mixed-bloods. Today, the French and Anglo Métis cultures have essentially merged into a distinct group with official recognition as one of the three Aboriginal Peoples of Canada.
Gail Morin has been fastidious in compiling the genealogies of the oldest known Metis families of the Quebec area. The fifth volume in the series is now available. It traces the progeny of Catherine Anenontha, Huron daughter of Nicolas Anenontha and Jeanne Otrihouandit. Catherine married three times: With her first husband, Jean Durand dit Lafortune, she had three children; with her second husband, Jacques Couturier. she bore six more; and with her third husband, Jean Lafond (previously married to Catherine Senecal), there were no known children. Among Catherine Anenontha’s know progeny, only the descendants of Marie-Catherine Durand are believed to have removed to western Canada, and they are the subject of this new work.
Richly detailed, fully sourced, and indexed, this series must be regarded as the starting point for Métis genealogy. Mrs. Morin has now given us a list of the primary families who figure in Volume Five.
Image credit: 1870 Johnson Map of Quebec, Canada – Geographicus – Quebec-johnson-1870, via Wikimedia Commons.