Metis people, Metis genealogy

Principal Families of The Metis People

Principal Families of the Metis People Specified

Gail Morin’s series tracing the children of intermarriage between early French fur traders and Canadian Native Americans, known as Métis or Métis People, has now reached four volumes. Mrs. Morin has now given us a list of the primary families who figure in each volume, so researchers can make an educated guess about their potential family connections in each book. Brief descriptions of each volume and lists of which principal families each book contains follow below.

Please note that this is a very list heavy post, but hopefully you’ll find your family name in one or more of the volumes and be able to identify it as a resource.

First Metis Families of Quebec, 1622-1748. Volume 1: Fifty-Six Families

While the term Métis originally referred to the offspring produced from the intermarriage of early French fur traders with Canadian Native Americans, later there were also Anglo Métis (known as “Countryborn”) children of Scottish, English, and other European fathers and indigenous mothers. Volume one of what will likely be a six-volume series (though currently only four), traces the descendants of the 56 original Métis families for up to three generations. Future volumes will concentrate on subsequent generations of those Métis families whose progeny settled in western North America in the 20th century.

The principal allied families found in Volume 1 are:

  • Allaire, Amiot, Asselin
  • Baril, Belanger, Bergeron, Boileau, Bolon, Botte, Boucher, Bourassa, Boyer
  • Cadieux, Cadot/Cadotte, Caron, Chabot, ChantalCharpentier, Chartrand, ChesneCluseau, Cote, Couc, Courchaine/Courchene/Courchesne, Couturier, Croistier, Cusson
  • Danis, David, Delaunay, Delpe, Demers, Deshaies, Desrosiers, Dore, Duboc, Duboct, Dubois, Duprac, Durand, Dussault,
  • Etienne
  • Fafard
  • Gaboury, Gagne, Gagnon, Garneau, GarnierGaudry, Gauthier, Germaneau, Gingras, Girard, Giroux, Godin, Guillemot, Guillot
  • Hamelin, Hebert, Hery, Huard
  • Janson, Javillon, Jourdain
  • Lacoste, Lamoureux, Langlois, Laporte, Leblanc, Leclerc, Lefebvre, Lemarie, Lemay, Lemire, Lepelle, Levasseur, Lienard, Lorrain
  • Maillet/Maillot, Marie, Marion, Masson, Menard, Metivier, Meunier, Montour, Moran, Morin
  • Paquet, Parent, Pelletier, Perreault, Petit, Petitclerc, Pichet/Piche, Poulin, Prevost/Provost
  • Ranger, Reaume, Renaud, Richard, Riday, Rivard, Robert, Robidou, Robin, Rousseau, Roy
  • Salois, Samson, Sicard, Souchereau
  • Tardif, Tessier, Toupin, Trottier, Trudel, Turpin
  • Vachon, Valade, Valliere, Vanasse, Vezina, Viger

First Metis Families of Quebec, 1622-1748. Volume 2: Jean Nicolet and a Nipissing Woman

In Volume 2, all of Madeleine or Euphrosine Nicolet’s descendants are followed for ten generations. Her most notable descendant is Andre Carriere, born 30 March 1779 and baptized the next day at Boucherville. Andre arrived in the early Red River Settlement area of Manitoba about 1802-1805. His marriage to Angelique Dion or Lyon resulted in eleven children. Many of his descendants remained in Western Canada, but they are also found on the rolls of the Turtle Mountain Chippewa of North Dakota and the Little Shell Band of Indians of Montana.

The main families covered in this volume are:

  • Adam, Alarie/Allaire/Allary/Allery, Allard, Arcand, Asselin, Aubert, Audet, Azure
  • Baillageon, Baret, Baston, Baucher dit Morency or Boucher, Beauchemin/Beauchemin dit Millet, Beaudry, Beaugrand dit Champagne, Begin, Belanger, Berard, Bergeron, Beriault, Bethelet dit Savoyard, Bilodau, Birston, Blanchet, Blondin, Blouin dit Laivolette, Bouchard dit Dorval, Boucher, Bourassa, Bourbonnais, Bourgeois, Bousquet, Bouvier, Boyer, Braconnier/Branconnier, Brien, Brisson, Bruce, Bruneau, Burke
  • Cadotte, Caille/Cailler, Caillie, Campeau, Cantin, Caron, Carrier/Carriere, Champagne, Charbonneau, Charette/Choret, Chartrand, Cloutier, Collin, Comtois, Cote, Courchene, Couture
  • Dauphinais, Davis, Dease, Degagne, Delaronde/Laronde, Delorme, Demerse, Denis dit Lapierre, Desjardins, Desjarlais, Destroismaisons, Dion/Dionne/Guyon, Dorval, Drapeau, Dube, Dubois, Ducharme, Dumais/Dumas, Dupuis, Dusaut/Dusasult
  • Elemond/Ellemond, Ethier
  • Ferland, Fidler/Fiddler, Fissiau, Flamand, Fleury, Foucher/Faucher, Fournier, Frobisher
  • Gagnon, Garand, Gariepy, Gauthier dit Landreville, Gendron, Genthon, Gervais, Giguere, Gingras, Girard, Giroux, Gladu, Gosselin, Goulet, Gourneau, Grant, Gregoire, Grenier di tGarnier, Grouet, Guillemet, Guyon
  • Hallett, Hamel, Hamelin, Hebert, Henault, Henry, Herpe dit Harpe, Hogue, Houde/Houle, Huard
  • Jennotte, Jerome
  • Klyne/Kline
  • Ladouceur, Lafounaise, Lafrance, Lafreniere, Lagimodiere/Lagimoniere, Laliberte, Laronde, Lambert, Lamirande, Landry, Laplante, Larence, Lariviere, Larocque, Lavallee, Laverdure, Lablnanc, Leclerc, Lefebvre, Lemieux, Lepine, Lessard, Letendre, Letourneau, Logan, Lucier
  • Malaterre, Marchand, Marcoux, Marion, Martel, Martin, Martineau, McDougall, McGillivray, McKay, McMillan, McNab, Menard, Meneu, Metayer, Miville, Monette, Montour, Morand, Moreau, Morin, Morrisseau, Muloin
  • Nadeau, Nault, Nolin, Normand
  • Ouellet/Ouellette
  • Page, Paille, Paquet, Paradis, Parenteau, Parisien, Pelletier, Pepin dit Lachance, Perreault/Perrault, Pichet, Plante, Poitras, Prevost, Pimeau
  • Racette, Racine, Rate, Richard, Riel, Roberge, Rocheleau/Rochelot, Ross, Rousseau, Roy
  • Sangray/Sansregret, Sauve, Smith, St.Germain
  • Tanguay, Thiboutot, Tourond, Toussaint, Tremblay, Turcot/Turcotte, Turgeon
  • Vachon, Vaillancourt, Valley/Vallie, Vandal, Vermet/Vermette, VignaultVillebrun, Villeneuve
  • White
  • Zace/Zaste

First Metis Families of Quebec, 1622-1748. Volume 3: Martin Prevost and Marie Olivier Sylvestre Manitouabeouich

The third volume concerns the progeny of Martin Prevost and the Huron tribeswoman Marie Olivier Sylvestre Manitouabeouich, who settled near Beauport, Quebec. Marie bore eight children, and those who survived remained near Beauport, working as farmers, laborers, and merchants. By the seventh generation, however, some Prevost descendants were living in the Oregon Territory, Alberta, and Manitoba and had taken mixed blood spouses bearing the following surnames:

  • Alain, Alarie/Alary/Allaire/Allary, Allard, Amiot, Arcand, Aubertin, Aubin
  • Baron/Barron, Bedard, Belanger, Benoit, Bergeron, Bergevin, Billot, Binet, Bisson/Buisson, Blouin, Boivin, Bouchard, Boucher, Bourassa, Bourgeau, Bouteille/Bouteiller/Boutellier, Branconnier, Brisard, Brousseau, Bureau dit Sansoucy
  • Cantin, Caron, Carrier/Carriere, Cartier, Chabot, Chantal, Charbonneau, Charon, Charpentier, Chartrand, Cloutier, Cote, Croistier
  • Danis, Delorme, Deshetres, Desmarais, Desrochers/Desroches, Dion, Drolet, Drouin, Dubois, Duharnois, Dumas, Duprac,
  • Elemond, Elie, Ferland
  • Fleury
  • Gagne, Ganon, Garnier, Gingras, Girard, Giroux, Gosselin, Goulet, Grenier, Guillot
  • Hamel, Hamelin, Houde/Houle
  • Jacques, Jean dit Laviolette or Jamme, Jobin
  • Label/Labelle, Laberge, Lafleur, Lafrance, Laliberte/Liberty, Lamarre, Langlois, Laporte, Larocque, Lauson/Lauzon, Leclerc, Ledoux, Leduc, Lefebvre, Lemire, Lepine, Lucier/Lussier
  • Maheu, Maillot, Marchand, Menard, Morin, Nault
  • Normand
  • Paquet, Paradis, Parent, Parenteau, Patenaude, Pelletier/Peltier, Petit, Petitclerc, Piche, Pilon, Plamondon, Prevost/Provo/Provost/Provot
  • Robillard, Rocheron, Rochon
  • Salois, Sampson/Samson, St.Germain
  • Tessier, Toulou, Toupin, Trudel, Turcot/Turcotte, Turmel
  • VachonVallin, Vandal/Vandale, Vezina

First Metis Families of Quebec. Volume 4:  Descendants of Pierre Couc dit Lafleur and Marie Mitequamigoukoue, An Algonquin

Volume 4 traces the progeny of Pierre Couc dit Lafleur, the head of a fur trade and merchant family, who married Marie Mitequamigoukoue in 1657, in the Yamaska region of Quebec. This couple had at least seven children, including two who took the surname Montour.

The relevant surnames found in Volume 4 include:

  • Aiken, Allard, Allary/Allery, Amiot/Amyotte, Azure
  • Beauchamp, Beauchemin/Beauchman, Belgarde, Berger, Berthiaume, Bird, Boileau, Bombardier, Bonneau, Bottineau, Boyer, Braconnier/Branconnier, Brien, Brouillet, Bruce, Brunelle
  • Champagne, Cahrette, Couc, Courchene
  • Davis, Decoteau/Decouteau, Delorme, Delpe/Delpee, Demeres, Deneau, Desjarlais, Dion/Dionne/Guyon, Dubois, Ducharme, Dumon
  • Fafard, Falcon, Fleury, Ford
  • GabouriauGariepy, Gaudry, Gosselin, Goulet, Gourneau
  • Hamelin, Herman, Houle
  • Jeannotte/Jeanotte, Jerome
  • Kline/Klyne, Knight
  • Labonte, Ladouceur, Lafontain, Lafournaise, Lalonde, Lamarque, Lambert, Lamoureux, Lapierre, Lareau, Larocque/Laroque, Lavallee, Laverdure, Lefebvre, Lefort, Letourneau, Lonctin, Longtain/Lontin
  • Malaterre, McKay, Menard, Montour, Monty, Morand, Morin
  • Ouellette/Wallette
  • Parenteau, Parisien, Patenaude, Paul, Pelletier/Peltier, Perrault/Perreault, Petit, Plouf, Poirier, Poitra/Poitras
  • Quenel/Quenelle, Quesnet
  • Rainville, Ranger, Robert, Ross, Roussain, Roy
  • Sansregret, Sauve, Seguin, Sinclair, Smith, St.Cernie/St.Cerny, St.Germain, St.Pierre, Swain/Swan,
  • Thifault, Thomas, Trottier, Turcotte
  • Vigeant, Villeneuve, Vivier, Vallee
  • Wells, Wilki

Future volumes of Gail Morin’s series on the tracing Métis People, the children of intermarriage between early French fur traders and Canadian Native Americans, will concentrate on the descendants of Jean Durand, Pierre Lamoureux, and Daniel-Joseph Amiot.

Image credit: Mixed Blood Fur Trader 1870, http://www.d.umn.edu/cla/faculty/troufs/Buffalo/PB42.html Minnesota Historical Society Location No. HD2.3 r7 Negative No. 10222, Author Unknown [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.

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